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November 20, 2015

 — written by Clark Neely, Small Grains Specialist

Retaining Volunteer Wheat

A unique situation is unfolding for many wheat producers across the state of Texas this fall, particularly for areas of the Blacklands, which started back in the spring. Torrential spring rains destroyed or otherwise prevented harvest of many wheat acres throughout Texas in 2015 providing a large seedbank of wheat seed in the soil. Once fields were abandoned or insured out, drought quickly set in for much of the summer months, allowing seed to sit dormant in the soil. Another round of intense and widespread rain at the end of October set the stage for a timely and uniform stand of volunteer wheat. With wet conditions continuing through November, the excessive rain this fall has prevented a number of acres from being planted and leaving many producers wondering, “Will my volunteer wheat make a grain crop?”

The short answer is “Yes it can” under the right conditions. Due to the timing of the rains in October, many of these volunteer wheat fields emerged within or close to the optimum planting window for typical wheat planting throughout the Blacklands and Central Texas. Producers need to next estimate wheat stands and uniformity. General recommendations for wheat stand establishment are between 10 and 25 plants/ ft2, though irrigated or high-rainfall environments favor the higher end of this range. Yield will generally begin to decline below 10 plants/ft2, unless favorable weather conditions (warm winter and/or cool spring) allow for additional tillering. Stand counts above this range can possibly lead to lodging, but will depend on multiple variables.

High rainfall and high fertility can exacerbate lodging problems, especially with thick stands in wheat. Straw strength also varies considerably among varieties. Fannin and Duster are two common varieties in Texas that are known to lodge more easily than other varieties, while varieties such as TAM 304 and WB Cedar are rated as very good or excellent for straw strength. Some producers may consider a growth regulator in the spring to shorten internode length and overall crop height in hopes of reducing lodging potential. While there is research showing that these products can shortened plant height under certain scenarios, results have been inconsistent on reduced lodging.

Another major consideration for growers should be disease observed in their wheat crop from the previous year. Head smuts and bunts can survive in infected seed and infect the following year’s crop. These diseases can multiply rapidly from one year to the next. They are easily treated with seed treatments, but that is not possible with volunteer wheat. Producers should also be aware that any viruses, such as Barley Yellow Dwarf and Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus, present in the previous crop will be transmitted to the following crop via the seed. These diseases can be devastating and symptoms are typically worse the earlier a field is infected.

Producers must remember that volunteer wheat is uninsurable, which does provide additional risk for their farm.

Late Planted Wheat

As mentioned earlier, acres intended to be planted in wheat this fall (that do not have volunteer wheat in them) have been or continue to be delayed. When planting after the ideal planting window, some options producers may want to consider include increased seeding rates or selecting an earlier maturing variety. Seed availability this late in the season may or may not be limited.

The general consensus is that seeding rates should increase by 30-60% for late planting wheat, so a 60 lb/a rate under an ideal planting date would now be 78 to 96 lb/a for delayed planting. Increased seeding rates are thought to compensate for reduced tillering in plants due to a shortened growing season. The majority of winter wheat planted in the Rolling Plains and Blacklands is planted between mid-October and mid-November. Producers may want to consider increasing seeding rates after December 1st. Final planting date for individual coverage plans for insurance is December 15th for the Rolling Plains and Blacklands.

Some examples of early maturing varieties include WB Cedar, Billings, TAM 401, and Fannin for hard red winter wheat and AGS 2035, USG 3120, SY Cypress, and LA 754 for soft red winter wheat.

If planting is delayed into January, producers will need to seriously consider whether it is worth planting wheat. Generally, winter wheat receives enough chilling hours to vernalize if planted on or before early January in the Blacklands or Rolling Plains; however, wheat planted in late January or later may not have enough cold to switch the plant over from vegetative to reproductive growth and prevent the formation of a seed head. In this case, spring wheat would be advised since it does not require vernalization. In either case, yield potential is greatly reduced by planting that late into the season.

Spot Sewing Wheat

Despite best efforts, wheat stands can still emerge unevenly due to weather or other factors, leaving one to wonder if spot planting should be considered. While this decision is often not clear-cut, the best tool a producer has is to take stand counts and determine if stands are less than ideal. Generally, replanting is considered once stands are below 50% of the desired level in a given area. When planting overtop of a thin stand, it is best to seed at a 45 degree angle to the original row direction. Double disk openers are preferred over hoe drills as they do not destroy what remains of the original stand. When over-seeding on a previous stand with a double-disc opener, a 40 to 60 lb/a rate may be desirable, but rates should increase slightly with hoe drills. This rate will need adjusted according to remaining stand and timing of the replanting.

When spot sewing or over-seeding poor stands of wheat, it may be advantageous to plant an earlier maturing variety to compensate for planting later; however, it is difficult to perfectly align harvest timing of the two plantings perfectly and would only work if the original variety planted was medium or later maturity.

For additional information planting/replanting decisions please refer to Texas A&M AgriLife Extension publications:

Wheat Replanting Considerations:

Stand Establishment of Small Grains and Annual Grasses for Grain and Winter Pastures (SCS-1999-23):

Wet and saturated soil conditions at germination can be a major issue with emerging wheat plants. A germinating wheat seed respires like many other living organisms, which means it needs oxygen to live and grow. Saturated soils replace the available air in the soil with water and limits oxygen availability to germinating seeds and established roots of larger plants. This can delay germination or kill seeds and seedlings, thereby reducing stands. Wet soils promote the growth of many soil borne pathogens as well, which can lead to infection. Some examples of diseases that thrive in wet conditions include root rots, take-all, soilborne mosaic virus. Although not a full-proof strategy, fungicide seed treatments can help prevent or delay many seedling diseases (excluding viruses) under these less than ideal conditions. For more information on disease identification and seed treatments please visit: .


November 13, 2015

Recap provided on behalf of the National Association of Wheat Growers

Last week the grower-leaders of the National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) and U.S. Wheat Association (USW) held their Fall Wheat Conference in western Nevada. Following is a recap of committee meetings. The next NAWG Board and committee meetings will be at the Wheat Industry Winter Conference in Washington, D.C. February 2-6, 2016 at the Hyatt Regency Capitol Hill.

NAWG Advocates for Swift Congressional Consideration of TPP
Last week, the Obama Administration released the text of the recently concluded Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). Following initial review, the NAWG Board of Directors and U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) Board of Directors together called on Congress to quickly consider the agreement once it is presented to them. The agreement will provide for immediate duty-free access for U.S. wheat in Vietnam and it will create country-specific quotas for additional U.S. wheat exports to Japan. Congressional approval of TPP could also open the door to adding in other countries to the TPP framework. NAWG President Brett Blankenship participated in a press conference Wednesday with USDA Foreign Agricultural Services Administrator Phil Karsting and other agricultural commodity organizations to urge quick Congressional support and action on this important trade deal.

Domestic and Trade Policy Committee
NAWG’s Domestic and Trade Policy Committee heard updates from staff about several pending policy issues including Farm Bill implementation, the impact of the budget agreement on crop insurance, Grain Standards Act reauthorization, immigration reform, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle regulations, among other issues. Additionally, the committee heard from Mike Steenhoek, executive director of the Soy Transportation Coalition, about a number of highway and rail transportation issues affecting the agriculture industry. USDA Deputy Undersecretary Alexis Taylor briefed the Committee on many of the details of the TPP agreement, the text of which was publicly released the morning following the committee meeting.

The committee also approved a resolution that had been previously considered by the Joint International Trade Policy Committee and the USW Board to urge the U.S. Trade Representative to pursue a case before the World Trade Organization (WTO) against any country currently in violation of its international trade commitments. The resolution comes on the heals of a study recently released by USW and NAWG showing that the distorting agricultural support programs in China, India, Turkey, and Brazil are costing U.S. farmers nearly a billion dollars a year in lost revenue.

Joint International Trade Policy Committee
The Joint International Trade Policy Committee heard from NAWG and USW staff about the econometric study commissioned by USW as well as the details of the recently concluded TPP. After reviewing the details of the agreement, the committee urged Congress to take swift action in considering the agreement, once the President officially presents it for consideration.

In addition to reviewing the TPP agreement, the committee heard from Domestic and Trade Policy Committee Vice Chairman Ben Scholz, a Texas wheat grower, about his trip earlier this year to Cuba. Scholz was part of an agricultural trade delegation from Texas to explore potential trade opportunities for U.S. wheat farmers.

Joint Biotechnology Committee
The Joint Biotechnology Committee, consisting of NAWG and USW Board members, heard updates from staff on GMO labeling of food products, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy efforts to update the Coordinated Framework for Biotechnology, and EU member country “opt out” of GM crop cultivation, as well as company updates regarding their current wheat research. Dave Jenkins with EGT presented information on the complex issue of segregation in GM and non-GM grain handling. Mike Firko, Deputy Administrator of APHIS Biotechnology Regulatory Services at USDA, also presented on the proposed changes to GMO wheat field trials. Dr. Firko went in depth regarding his agency’s thought process behind the proposed changes, current crops that are under permitting field trials and answered questions regarding the proposed change.

Environment and Renewable Resources Committee
NAWG’s Environment and Renewable Energy Committee met to discuss environmental regulation and conservation efforts impacting wheat growers. During the meeting, the committee heard from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding the proposed pesticide certification regulation. The committee will be preparing written comments for NAWG to submit prior to the December 23 deadline. The committee also discussed legislation and legal actions surrounding the Waters of the United States (WOTUS) regulation developed by the EPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The committee will be reaching out to USDA regarding the inconsistent administration of the Conservation Stewardship Program between counties and states. Finally, the committee is exploring issues related to drought in the Western wheat growing areas, and creative ideas to help mitigate the effects of the drought that could benefit wheat growers.

Research and Technology Committee
NAWG’s Research and Technology Committee had a packed agenda. The committee reviewed the concern of the National Wheat Improvement Committee regarding USDA Agricultural Research Service funding cutbacks affecting Quality Labs across the wheat belt. The committee also discussed the practice of shifting funds away from field stations and other agronomic research by the USDA ARS, without any input from NAWG, to other areas of need that are deemed a higher priority. The committee approved a proposed policy resolution designed to encourage USDA ARS to avoid this practice in the future.

In addition, Kellye Eversole, CEO of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium, updated the committee on the progress of sequencing the wheat genome and Dr. Mike Firko, APHIS Deputy Administrator, discussed current biotech regulations and plans for future changes to regulations that will impact GMO wheat research.

NAWG Industry Partners Council
The semi-annual meeting of the NAWG Industry Partners Council, comprised of companies and organizations providing products and services to U.S. wheat growers and the wheat value chain, met adjacent to the 2015 Fall Wheat Conference on November 3. Tim O’Connor, the recently appointed president of the Wheat Foods Council, provided the featured presentation. O’Connor provided information about the Council, how it operates, the current issues related to the various wheat foods, and how the Council is working to favorably resolve those issues.

October 8, 2015

Entries are now being accepted for the first National Wheat Yield Contest in over 20 years. The National Wheat Foundation (NWF) has announced the official contest rules and opened registration on their website for the inaugural year of the contest. The highly anticipated yield competition, first unveiled at the 2015 Commodity Classic, is made possible by the generous support of National Wheat Yield Contest industry category partners BASF (crop protection), Monsanto (seed), John Deere (equipment) and Winfield (agronomic services).

Wheat growers can compete in two primary contest categories – winter wheat and spring wheat. There will be two sub-categories for each category, respectively, for dry land and irrigated wheat production. Entrants must be a producer, at least 14 years of age, and member of their recognized state wheat grower association, or if from a state without a recognized state wheat grower organization, a member of the National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG). All contest entries must use certified or branded, and currently commercially available, wheat seed.

Early registration deadlines are April 1 for winter wheat and June 15 for spring wheat. The entry fee for early registration is $100 per seed entry. After the early registration deadline, the entry fee is $125 per seed entry. All entry forms and contest fees must be entered online completely by 5:00pm Eastern Time on May 1 for winter wheat or August 1 for spring wheat to be eligible to compete.

Five national winners will be recognized in each category and sub-category. Winners of the inaugural contest will be formally recognized at the 2017 Commodity Classic in San Antonio, Texas.

You can read the full contest rules here and enter the 2015-16 National Wheat Yield Contest. For more information, go to the NWF website at and click on the contest “button” on the homepage.

September 8, 2015

Applications are due Friday, Sept. 18th

The National Wheat Foundation (NWF) is now accepting applications for the 19th Annual Wheat Industry Leaders of Tomorrow (WILOT) program, scheduled for November 14-19, 2015 in St. Louis, Missouri.

The WILOT program is an unique opportunity for 10 wheat growers to come together to hone and develop the skills necessary to become more involved in state grower associations and state wheat commissions. Now in it’s 19th year, wheat growers gain a deeper understanding of the structure and priorities of the wheat industry, agricultural policy and economics, as well as leadership, media and advocacy training by participating in this year’s program.

The NWF WILOT leadership development program is funded by NWF industry partner, Monsanto, and is held in St. Louis, Missouri. In addition to the outstanding educational sessions, this program also gives participants the opportunity to visit Monsanto labs and talk with researchers working on wheat innovation.

All applicants will need a letter of recommendation from their state wheat association, so please contact the Texas Wheat Producers Association office at 806-352-2191 for more information.

If interested in the program, growers should review and complete the application here. All completed applications are due to Preston Millard ( by September 18, 2015.

August 3, 2015

In late June, the USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA) announced the expansion of crop insurance options for winter wheat growers, including the Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) and the Actual Production History (APH) Yield Exclusion.

The option for winter wheat growers to participate in the APH Yield Exclusion (YE) option is now available for the 2016 crop year. This provision was not available for winter wheat growers last year due to late implementation. The APH YE allows for the exclusion of an actual yield for a crop year when RMA determines the county per planted acre yield for a crop year was at least 50 percent below the simple average of the per planted acre yield for the crop in the county for the previous 10 consecutive crop years.

Interactive maps are available on the RMA website that show which counties and years are eligible to drop yields for the YE provision.

Maps: []

The Wheat Foods Council is proud to sponsor triathlete Michele Tuttle, MPH, RD, who will be competing in the International Triathlon Union (ITU) Grand Final 2015 in Chicago. Michele was a bronze medal winner at the 2014 Worlds in London and is ranked #11 in the U.S. in her age group.

Michele shared her journey and training with the Wheat Foods Council and one question asked was: Why did you start competing as an adult? What motivates you?

“I’ve always enjoyed having a goal or purpose. Although I love training and exercise, somehow it feels better to know that I’m going to “use” it for something. I started swimming competitively at age 13 and continued through college. After graduating from college, I would sign up for an event every now and then, usually a masters swim meet, at least once per year. Having a goal means you get up on those cold dark mornings and train when you’d rather stay in bed.”

“I think my biggest source of motivation for racing is simply the desire to see where my limits are physically and mentally. People often say they race and train because they can. The older I get, the more I believe this. I do it because I can. So many people either cannot physically exercise because of health problems, or simply don’t feel the payoff of exercise is worth the hassle or discomfort. For me, I’ve always had to do some form of physical activity to be able to function well in the rest of my life. I wouldn’t say I’m “addicted” to exercise but I really don’t feel good on the days I don’t do some sort of activity. That makes it easy for me: it’s sort of like brushing my teeth. I may be tired or whatever, but I do it anyway and am always glad I did.”

When asked about grains and what part they play in her diet, she responded:

“I’ve always, always, always eaten a diet that features lots of grains. And, I’ve been a very active person my whole life. II get hungry every 2-3 hours no matter what I eat. For me, foods like cereals, breads, and pasta are staple foods. Of course I eat other types of grains, too, and I eat whole grains as much as I can. But, I also include a lot of enriched grains because they’re easy for me to eat and I like them. For me, grains are important because they taste good to me, and nutritionally they supply the carbohydrate, iron and B vitamins that I need a lot of because of my training.”

You can follow Michele’s story online at

ARLINGTON, Virginia (December 17, 2014) — The National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) and U.S. Wheat Associates (USW) applaud President Obama’s announcement today that the United States will begin discussions to renew diplomatic relations with Cuba, which will make it easier for Cuba to buy U.S. agricultural products, including wheat. We anticipate that these re-established trade relations will help open a market for U.S. wheat products in Cuba.

Cuba, which does not grow wheat commercially, is the largest wheat market in the Caribbean, purchasing almost all of its wheat from the European Union and Canada. Cuba could import at least 500,000 metric tons of wheat from the United States each year but has not purchased U.S. wheat since 2011. Under the current embargo, the United States can export agricultural products to Cuba through the use of third-party banking institutions, which makes facilitating trade burdensome and often more expensive.

“U.S. wheat farmers are excited about the prospect of exporting more wheat to Cuba,” says NAWG President Paul Penner. “NAWG has long supported strengthened trade relations with Cuba and see this as a historic step in that direction.”

“The U.S. wheat industry applauds these actions, which take concrete steps away from a policy approach towards Cuba that has accomplished little,” said USW President Alan Tracy. “If Cuba resumes purchases of U.S. wheat, we believe our market share there could grow from its current level of zero to around 80-90 percent, as it is in other Caribbean nations.”

USW is the industry’s market development organization working in more than 100 countries. Its mission is to “develop, maintain, and expand international markets to enhance the profitability of U.S. wheat producers.” The activities of USW are made possible by producer checkoff dollars managed by 19 state wheat commissions and through cost-share funding provided by USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service. For more information, visit or contact your state wheat commission.


U.S. Wheat Associates prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, gender, marital or family status, age, disability, political beliefs or sexual orientation. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact U.S. Wheat Associates at 202-463-0999 (TDD/TTY – 800-877-8339, or from outside the U.S.- 605-331-4923). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to Vice President of Finance, U.S. Wheat Associates, 3103 10th Street, North, Arlington, VA 22201, or call 202-463-0999. U.S. Wheat Associates is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Contact: Steve Mercer
Vice President of Communications
U.S. Wheat Associates
(703) 650-0251

3103 10th Street, North w Suite 300 w Arlington, VA 22201
Tel: (202) 463-0999 Fax: (703) 524-4399

The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service will offer individual assistance to producers who would like help with inputting their farm data into the decision aid calculator designed by the  Agricultural Food Policy Center at Texas A&M University. The help session will be Thursday, Dec. 4 from 1-5 p.m. at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center, 6500 W. Amarillo Blvd., in Amarillo. The forms listed below are required to receive help in inputting the data into the decision aid calculator.

Producers unable to attend the help session or who do not have the necessary forms together on the day of the session, are encouraged to bring their information to the Texas Wheat office at a more convenient date to receive assistance. The Texas Wheat staff has been trained to input data into the decision aid and welcome any producer who would like help with their farm data.

inputting data info sheet_ Decision Aid Calculator

Updated September 18, 2015 
For the original article posted on November 21, 2014, please scroll down. 

With ongoing questions and concerns surrounding glyphosate, the National Wheat Foundation(NWF) put together a five-part series of blog posts titled “The Truth About Glyphosate”, sharing the facts about glyphosate and its use in the wheat industry.

November 21, 2014

What is all of the talk about?

A recent blog post titled “The Real Reason why Wheat is Toxic (and it isnt gluten)” by the Healthy Home Economist has stirred a lot of conversations regarding glyphosate-treated wheat or better known as applying herbicides like Roundup to wheat prior to harvest. The article alarmingly claims that Roundup herbicides are commonly doused on wheat crops a few days before harvest, linking glyphosate residues to the recent surge in Celiac disease and claiming wheat is now toxic.

Claim Vs. Fact

Claim 1: Wheat crops are doused or drenched in Roundup herbicides a few days before harvest.

Fact: It is not routine for U.S. wheat producers to use Roundup, or other formulations of glyphosate, for pre-harvest applications. Most of the states in the wheat belt have drier climates, so getting additional help in maturing out the crop from a desiccant, like Roundup, isn’t necessary as much of the field will dry out and ripen on its own.

Although Roundup is labeled for pre-harvest applications, there is a standard pre-harvest interval (PHI) of at least seven to 14 days before harvest can take place, if the herbicide is applied to the wheat crop. Glyphosate, the active ingredient of Roundup, is used to control perennial weeds, although a very small percentage of producers also use it as a desiccant to evenly ripen a field of wheat for harvest.

Fact: Plants are not “doused” in Roundup or its active ingredient glyphosate. Relatively small amounts of glyphosate are applied as weeds emerge. Think about it this way:

No more than 22 ounces per acre mixed with 3–20 gallons of water (depending on application) can be applied pre-harvest. One acre is relatively the same size as a football field (minus the endzones), or 43,560 square feet. If a farmer decided to apply Roundup and he put out 22 ounces mixed with 10 gallons of water on one acre, that would be equivalent to a Gatorade bottle (20 ounces) of Roundup mixed with 10 gallons of water spread evenly on the size of an entire football field. If you converted those 10 gallons of water into ounces that would equal 1,280 ounces. The concentration of the Roundup mix would only be 0.017 or 1.7% (22 ounces of Roundup in 1,280 ounces of water).

As stated in “The Truth About Herbicides in Wheat”  by Kansas Wheat, Anita Dille, Ph.D., a professor of weed ecology at Kansas State University states:

“The purpose of herbicides (like Roundup®) is for weed control. There are a number of different times that herbicides are put on for weed control. And often if you think of a wheat production system, it could be right before planting or right after planting if there’s weeds during the crop.”

So, the  majority of herbicide usage happens before, or shortly after planting. That is around eight to nine months prior to harvest and if the herbicide IS used prior to harvest, only a MINUTE amount is actually applied.

Claim 2: Glyphosate applications are not regulated.

Fact: It is important to remember that glyphosate is regulated and poses no concern with regard to human health. It is regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) through the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As mentioned above, no more than 22 ounces of herbicide mix can be applied per acre.

Farmers also regularly consult local seed companies and state extension offices to make sure certain farm practices are needed for operation success during the growing season. Practices that are available may not always be practical.

For more information, please reference the additional resources links.

National Association of Wheat Growers (NAWG) Vice President Brett Blankenship addresses recent concerns about the applications of the general herbicide Glyphosate and encourages consumers to reach out to farmers if they have any questions about their food.

Additional Links and Information:

The Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service will be providing a wheat-based educational program during this year’s Amarillo Farm and Ranch Show, set for Tuesday, Dec. 2 at the Amarillo Civic Center, Grand Plaza Ballroom, 401 S. Buchanan St. in Amarillo.

The program titled – A Focus on Wheat in the Texas Panhandle – will begin at 1 p.m. and adjourn at 5:40 p.m. This will be a complete overview of wheat, including weeds, diseases, insects, breeding, fertility and plant growth regulators.

The program will have a $10 registration fee and offer four Texas Department of Agriculture continuing education units (CEU) – two general, one integrated pest management and one drift management – for pesticide applicators.  Four Texas Department of Agriculture and Certified Crop Advisors (CCA) continuing education units – two general, one integrated pest management and one drift management – will also be offered.

In addition to attending the wheat-based program, producers should also plan to attend the Farm Bill Analysis program that will be from 9 a.m. to noon on Tuesday, Dec. 2, with Dr. Steve Amosson, AgriLife Extension economist in Amarillo. Amosson will discuss farm bill provisions, sign-up requirements and deadlines. Amosson will also walk producers through the decision-aid tool developed by the Agricultural and Food Policy Center at Texas A&M University, which is designed to help economically evaluate program choices.

For more information on any of these AgriLife Extension programs, contact Carr at 806-373-0713 or

Program Speakers:

  • Overview of Texas wheat and AgriLife Extension programs and a focus on new herbicides and application timing | Dr. Clark Neely – AgriLife Extension State Small Grains Specialist, College Station.
  • Plant growth regulators in wheat | Dr. Jourdan Bell – AgriLife Extension Agronomist, Amarillo.
  • Dealing with wheat disease management, fungicide, and diagnostics. “A focus on High Plains virus, barley yellow dwarf, and wheat streak mosaic” | Dr. Ron French – AgriLife Extension Plant Pathology Specialist, Amarillo.
  • Best management practices related to control of wheat pests. “A focus on wheat curl mites, Russian wheat aphids, and greenbugs” | Dr. Ed Bynum – AgriLife Extension Entomologist, Amarillo.
  • Effects of alternative hosts and mite movement during the growing season. The impact of temperature and water on diseases and viruses. The wheat virus early detection system | Jacob Price – Texas A&M AgriLife Research Senior Research Associate, Amarillo.
  • Breeding for resistance to Wheat Streak Mosaic and the introduction of TAM 204 | Dr. Jackie Rudd — AgriLife Research Wheat Breeder, Amarillo.
  • Impact of fertility and nitrogen on small grains, what does a soil sample mean related to fertility and nutritional management needs of wheat | Dr. Calvin Trostle – AgriLife Extension Agronomist, Lubbock.